by: Leslie Bunder - Last updated: 2004-09-29
Neve Shalom attack
A new report has found that 413 terrorist incidents took place on Jewish communities and Israeli citizens outside Israel between 1968 and 2003.
The findings by the UK-based Community Security Trust (CST) revealed that 80 synagogues and 19 Jewish schools were attacked.
The reports begin in 1968 as it was the first year in which Palestinian terrorist attacks started.
On 23 July, Members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) hijacked an El Al plane en route from Rome to Israel, only releasing the passengers after three weeks.
Later on December 26 in Athens another El Al plan was attacked by members of PFLP.
During these 35 years, as well as Palestinian terrorists and Islamist groups other attackers have included white supremacists.
The worst year for attacks was in 1982 which coincided with Israel's invasion into Lebanon
Recently in November 2003 saw one of the worst incidents in which 23 people were killed and three hundred injured in Istanbul, Turkey after car bomb attacks on the Neve Shalom and Beth Israel synagogues
Michael Whine, director of communications for the Community Security Trust and author of the report said: This report shows that the terrorist threat against Jewish communities around the world must be taken very seriously. Terrorists do not differentiate between Israelis and Jews."
Attacks in the UK have been low compared to other countries which Mr Whine puts down to good work between the CST and the Police.
"In Britain, whilst there were 24 terrorist incidents between 1968 and 2003, there have been none since the bombing of the Israeli Embassy and Balfour House in 1994. We believe that stringent security undertaken by the Community Security Trust and the Police and increased community awareness have had a deterrent effect."
More information: www.thecst.org.uk