by: Rabbi Jeremy Rosen - Last updated: 2005-02-25
It was a wonderful experience to be in New York in February to see the hundreds of saffron gates erected in Central Park by the Bulgarian-born, French-educated and now American artist Christo and his wife, Jeanne-Claude.
He has previously covered the Reichstag building in Berlin and the Pont Neuf in Paris and set up visually stunning, temporary artistic artefacts all round the world. They go up, are seen by millions, then come down, are recycled and, to all intents and purposes, disappear.
There is always a great debate about what art is. Art lovers and experts and pompous cognoscenti for generations have argued against any new trend in art (a bit like religion if you ask me--if its not old it cant be good). Its silly to confine art to picture postcard imitations of a good camera lens. I would argue that anything which stimulates one visually, in one way or another, can be called art. Of course, as with everything, there are good and bad examples, and some that work and some that dont.
I have heard plenty of contrarian views but I found the effect of the gates stunning. The colour was just right for a winter parkscape and the brilliance of selecting just one and not several colours was, in itself, a significant artistic decision. As excited as I was to witness the laborious process of setting them all up, so it is sad to see it all come down.
But, as you might expect, I have my own religious lessons to draw from the gates.
As one walked around and under the saffron curtains, the wind currents played all sorts of fascinating games with them, blowing in and around from all directions. One line of several hundred yards might be static, while a few yards away the curtains would be billowing furiously. Within a few paces, one would be flapping to the south and the other to the north. The wind currents were complex and unpredictable, like invisible children jumping up and down playing games, or like imaginary kittens springing up to try to catch the trailing threads.
Most city dwellers only notice the harsh cold winds that funnel across town from the Hudson or up and down the wide avenues, usually from north to south. But rarely does one sense or feel the constant play of subtle breezes that ebb and flow and swirl and curl through the open spaces. Sometimes when I look down from the thirtieth floor I can see pieces of paper blown up and around on the currents of air just as birds ride the thermals. They rise, fly and then fall and disappear. But most of the time it is the rush of cars passing, or subway trains pushing waves of air ahead of them that one feels, rarely the gentle switching and weaving currents of air.
The actual saffron-coloured vinyl gates, that support the material, vary in size according to the widths of the paths and their cambers. The bases of the gates are often supported by extra little pieces of wood and stone to get the balance right. And they are set apart sometimes in regular sequences and sometimes not. Hardly anyone I talked to noticed the varying sizes of the gates themselves and the way the frames were slightly altered to deal with the cambers.
And there is a whole team of what look like priests with their special tunics and long poles capped with tennis balls. Their task, amongst others, is to unfurl the material when the wind blows it into a twist. But some of them just wander around and ignore the twisted material and seem not at all interested in doing what they are supposed to or in rectifying what is wrong. Just like some religious functionaries I know.
All of this is, to me, a metaphor for religion. Genuine spirituality involves sensitivity to Divine and human currents that are everywhere around us, except that we rarely stop to look or to feel or to allow the air to brush us or caress our faces and bodies. We have taught ourselves to be impervious to signs of others around us, signs of pain or anxiety. We pass people by as though they were objects instead of souls. We shrink into our own shells instead of expanding to encompass and enfold or show care and concern for others beyond our own walled gardens. So bikers feel the winds and the rains and the currents far more than car drivers do. They are more vulnerable and yet closer to nature. They are the worshippers of the road! Most of the rest of us are car drivers, protected in our tin cans.
Sometimes it takes a work of art to stop us in our tracks and make us ponder. And that is what the festivals and Sabbaths and daily rituals are supposed to be doing. The Christos gates do, indeed, get us to stop and stare and feel winds and enjoy the view, regardless of our race or religion or financial position, and then reach out to others to spread a little warmth and care because the wind blows for everyone not just for us. Yet without the boring mechanism of a base and stanchions and screws and bolts we wouldnt get the impact of seeing the curtains hang or fly in the wind. If they were not securely grounded they would soon fall over.
When you look carefully you see there is a logic in the way the gates are placed with sudden gaps according to the width and the camber of the paths or the trees or the terrain. But often there is no discernable pattern to the gaps at all. Yet there must have been some master design that Christo knows about, even if it has not been explained to us, just like religion.
Art, like religion, stimulates us and makes us aware of our surroundings and the universe and ideally draws out the best in us. But for others it is simply a skill, a way of making money or a name, another opportunity for corruption. It all depends on how we relate to it and whether we allow it to affect us or not. Form without spirit is not enough. We need Gods wind, or spirit, to play on and around the structures that we put up to make them really come alive!