Print | Email Dates in Jewish History

Dates in Jewish history - June

Last updated: 2007-06-01

Theodor Herzl

Theodor Herzl

June 4, 1897: Die Welt (“The World”), the first modern Zionist weekly, was first published in Vienna by Theodor Herzl. The paper was initiated as a privately financed venture to disseminate the Zionist idea, to prepare the first Zionist Congress, and to reply to Jewish critics of Zionism.

June 6, 1934: Birthday of American producer and screenwriter Esther June Shapiro, whose credits include Dynasty and Sarah T.: Portrait of a Teenage Alcoholic.

June 7, 1892: The American Jewish Historical Society was founded in New York. Its numerous publications include a scholarly journal, newsletters, monographs, reference works and exhibits.

June 18: 1919:  Founding date of the Israeli daily newspaper Haaretz. Known as a sophisticated, left-leaning news source, it publishes a broadsheet Hebrew edition and an English edition bundled in Israel with the International Herald Tribune. In the U.S., the paper is printed as a weekly. In addition, the Haaretz websites in English and Hebrew log approximately two million users monthly.

June 30, 1939: Eleven-year-old Joe Schlesinger and his brother escape the Nazis during the invasion of Czechoslovaka. After being rescued to England and returning home after the war, Schlesigner began work in Prague as a translator for the Associated Press. In 1950 he emigrated to Canada, where he had a distinguished journalism career, for newspapers, United Press International and, for more than 40 years, the Canadian Broadcasting Corp. The recipient of several honorary degrees, he wrote Time Zones: A Journalist in the World (1990).

June 1901: The Rabbinical Assembly, the international association of Conservative rabbis, was founded in Philadelphia. The RA publishes many works on religious observation, training and commentary. Its influential journal, Conservative Judaism, is published jointly with the Jewish Theological Seminary.

June 1933: In an attempt to maintain cultural life among the Jews after the rise of Nazism, drama critic Julius Bab founded the Juedischer Kulturbund (Jewish Cultural Federation), which had its own theater. Bab fled to the U.S. in 1940, where he became the drama critic of the New York Staatszeitung. His collected work is an important source for the history of modern German drama. He also wrote creative works, including Ausgewaehlte Gedichte… (1930), which contains the noted poem, "Der Jude."

June 1943: Russian-born Miriam Novitch was arrested as a member of the French resistance. She was liberated from the Vittel camp by Americans in 1944. She arrived in Israel in 1946 and was a founder of kibbutz Lohamei ha-Getta'ot and its Holocaust museum in 1949. A pioneer in collecting archival film on the Holocaust, she also published numerous books, including Women and The Holocaust, Personal Reflections (1965).

June 1944: American rabbi Abraham J. Klausner volunteered as a U.S. Army chaplain. He became involved in the rescue of Jewish Holocaust survivors in Europe in the years after the war’s end. After retiring from decades of service as rabbi to congregations in Boston and Yonkers, New York, he wrote A Letter to My Children from the Edge of the Holocaust (2002), an autobiography.

June 1967: U.S. artist Sol LeWitt published "Paragraphs on Conceptual Art," a defining essay on the style he helped to found. Known best for his wall installations, LeWitt frequently pursued Jewish themes, including Black Form Dedicated to the Missing Jews (1989), located in Hamburg, Germany, and Consequence (1993), part of the permanent collection of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. In 2005, LeWitt installed Lost Voices, a temporary site-specific sculpture for an abandoned synagogue in Stommeln, Germany. LeWitt died in April, 2007.

Reproduced with permission and taken from:
Encyclopaedia Judaica, 2nd Edition, © 2007

Related Links